One of the things devops practitioners are tasked with is the provisioning and configuration of all sorts of infrastructure. Application servers, web servers, load balancers, proxies and database servers are among the lengthy (and no doubt growing) list of “boxes” devops needs to get up and running to support just about any given application today. One of the key value propositions of a devops approach to operations is that it can reduce the time it takes to get applications to market by getting them up and running in production faster. That’s increasingly important as we move into the Era of Things, driven by extreme connectivity of everything, because all those “things” need are going to need to be talking to applications on the back side.
So speed is of the essence, but not at the cost of accuracy. We’re encouraged, then, to automate tasks and orchestrate processes to achieve that speed. The side effect of codification of tasks is higher accuracy (aka fewer mistakes).
So far so good.
But you may notice that I have (and will continue to) clearly delineate between “automate” and “orchestrate”, between “task” and “process”.
The reason for that is that, simply, they are not the same thing. We should strive not to confuse these two because while the two share some benefits, there are other benefits that are achievable only by one or the other – or the combination thereof.
Process optimization, for example, can’t be achieved by simple automation. Automation is concerned with a single task – launching a web server, configuring a web server, stopping a service. Orchestration, however, is concerned with automating, if you will, the execution of a workflow – of a process. A provisioning process may be comprised of multiple tasks and involve multiple systems. An “application” is not just a single server, after all, it’s likely several servers – web, app and database in a traditional three-tier architecture.
The goal of orchestration is not just to automatically execute a service, which brings speed to the deployment process and gets applications into production faster. It also affords an opportunity to streamline – to optimize – those processes for even greater gains in deployment velocity.
One of the simplest ways to optimize a process is to eliminate repetitive steps. This entry on Vagrant explains it fairly well :
“We could just SSH in and install a webserver and be on our way, but then every person who used Vagrant would have to do the same thing. Instead, Vagrant has built-in support for automated provisioning. Using this feature, Vagrant will automatically install software when you
vagrant upso that the guest machine can be repeatably created and ready-to-use.” [emphasis mine]
— Vagrant Docs “Getting Started | Provisioning”
Now certainly the step of installing a web server on a new box with vagrant is hardly all that time consuming, it’s just a single line of text. But every line of text must be manually typed, and that introduces the possibility of fat fingering the command, which either consumes time in fixing it or introduces an error into the system. Neither are desirable results.
Ensuring that the process is repeatable and orchestrated by automating all the tasks that comprise that process can optimize it by eliminating redundancy. That results in greater deployment velocity.
So while you’re “doing devops”, remember to evaluate the processes and consider whether or not they’re repetitive, and how you might be able to eliminate that repetition through more modern architectures or toolsets.